Colposcopy is done when an abnormal Pap smear result is obtained during routine screening. During a pap smear, cells obtained from the cervix are sent in a liquid solution to the lab for examination. If abnormal cells are present, they are given different gradations, some more serious than others. The human papilloma virus (HPV) is the major cause for cervical dysplasia and colposcopy is the first step to treating the condition. Once diagnosed with HPV and/or an abnormal pap smear, it is important to pursue additional testing as recommended by your provider.